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2015年秋牛津译林版七年级上册英语课件7B Unit 4 Grammar.ppt

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Unit 4 Finding your way

群力中学初一英语备课组

a cage There is a cage in the picture.

The cage is beautiful.

a tiger

a giraffe

a snake

a lion

an umbrella

an English book

an egg

an orange

1. 第一次提到某人或某物时。

I have a book.
2. 泛指某一类的人或物。

A panda is very lovely.

判断一个单词用 a 还是用 an,是根据
其读音,而不是根据其首字母。以元

音音素开头的词前用“an”,以辅音
音素开头的词前”a“。如:an hour,

an apple, an elephant, a useful book等。

Look! Here is a panda. The panda is eating bamboo.

Look! Here is an apple. The apple is red.

1. 指上文提到过的人或物。如: Lucy bought a new bike, the bike is green. 2. 世界上独一无二的事物。如: the sun the moon 3. 谈到彼此都知道的人或事物。如: Open the door, please.

4. 序数词和形容词最高级前。如:
She is always the first to get to school.

5. 乐器名词前用。如:
play the piano play the violin

6. 定冠词与形容词连用表示一类人,加
在姓氏前面表示一家人。如: the rich 有钱人 the young 年青人

7. 某些专用名词和*惯用语中用定冠

词。
the Great Wall

by the way

1. 名词前已经有指示代词(this, that,
these, those)、形容词性物主代词

(my, his, our …)或名词所有格等
限定词。

2. 表示语言、学科、三餐、球类运动、
棋类运动的名词前。

3. 表示星期、月份、季节、某些节日

的名词前。
4. 表示人名、国名、称呼语或头衔等

专有名词前。
5. 某些固定短语中。 by bike , by bus,

at first, at work, on foot, go to school,
go to bed,等。

Millie: Let’s go to the Panda House first. a Daniel: Here we are. I can see(1) ___ panda there. It’s lying on the grass. Millie: How cute! I love pandas. Look! a baby panda. It’s There’s (2)____ so small.

Daniel : Yes. (3)_____ baby panda doesn’t
look like its mother.

Millie: Now let’s go to see some lions. an open the lions in(5) ___ Daniel: Are(4) ___ area?
Millie: No, they aren’t. They are in(6) a very big cage. ___

Daniel : I see. (Half an hour later) a bridge. What Daniel: Millie, here’s(7)____ can you see across it? an elephant is standing Millie: Oh, (8)____ over there. Daniel: Let’s go across(9) ____ the bridge the elephant. and see(10) ____

在必要的地方用 a, an, the 填空。
× school. 1. Where is Peter? He isn’t at ___

2. There is ___ an orange in the fridge.
3. ____ The pencil on the desk belongs to

Sandy.
a new bike. I clean ___ the bike 4. I have __

every day.

5. Dad often goes fishing in ____ × summer. 6. A: Can I help you? B: I’m looking for ___ a pair of shoes. 7. People in Nanjing now go to work by ______ × underground. 8. Who is good at playing ______ × football in your class? 9. _____ The boy in a red coat is my cousin.

10. I live on ____ the third floor.

an “h”, ___ a “u” 11. There is ___ an “o”, ___
in the word “hour”. 12. Simon likes to play ____ the piano but he doesn’t like to play ___ × basketball. 13. Beijing is ____ the capital of China.

inside

outside

Prepositions of the place(方位介词)
over/above on on the left of behind

on the right of

in front of

under/below

Do you know these words? Let’s learn them together.
over 在……的正上方 above over under在……的正下方 on above在……的上方(表面 不接触) below 在……的下方 on在……的上面(表面接触) belowunder

Can you fill in the blanks with these
prepositions. 1. There is a face _____ over the desk. 2. The moon is ______ above the desk.

3. The sun is ______ under the desk.
4. I can see a star ______ below the desk.
desk

5. There is a tree ____ on the desk.

表示方位的介词
over -under above - below

inside - outside

in front of - behind

on the left (of) - on the right (of) next to = beside, in the middle of, in the centre of in, on, at, opposite, near, between…and ..., in the front of

The flower are in front of the shop. The trees are behind the shop. The shopkeeper is inside the shop.

The boy is outside the shop. The food is above the drinks. The drinks are below the food. The sign is over the bench. The dog is under the bench.

In the park

There’s a beautiful lake in the park. Look! Two boys are rowing a boat(1) ___ on the lake. (2) _______ Beside the lake there’s a football field. Some boys are playing on it. football(3) ____

(4)__________ In front of the football field, there are two trees. On the left, a bird is singing. in one tree. On the right, two boys (5)____ are sitting (6)______ under the other tree. Between the two trees, three girls are (7)________ on the bench. chatting (8)_____

填入适当的介词使句子通顺。
1. The football is behind ______ the door, so I can’t see it. 2. Don’t stand __________ in front of us, or we can’t see the film clearly. 3. There is an electric fan above _____ the desk. 4. Look! Your rubber is _____ under the chair. Pick it up. 5. The moon is now _____ above the trees.

6. Eddie doesn’t want to live __ in the palace. 7. Stephen is chatting with his friends ___ on the balcony. 8. Li Ming is my neighbour. His house is beside / next to mine. _____________ centre of 9. The Palace Museum is in the ______ Beijing. 10. “Kitty sits on the right of Sandy”. It means Sandy sits on Kitty’s ____. left

1. Remember the new words in this lesson.

2. Do the exercises on the workbook.




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